We hope you and your family are in good spirits and health. Huntington, who now dominated the company, saw an excellent … . . A large percentage of the other occupations were subsidiary to farming. They form an odd contrast to the surrounding stucco and plaster houses.3, The directories are most useful for describing the numerous occupations and jobs performed by railroad workers. McCord, Conductor C.S.R.R., 2nd Ave. J.J. Croshier, railroader Ed Curtis, Railroad shops, One architectural oddity resulted from the housing shortage. The strike failed, but the loss of funds by the railway was so great that railroad management attempted to forestall serious strikes through the remainder of the century.36, A local two day strike occurred on the California Southern at the end of 1888. In December the work of rebuilding the line to San Bernardino was completed. Dolan Eargle, Jr., TICKETS PLEASE … : All about California Railroads (San Francisco: California Living Books, 1979), p. 44. The Railway Commissioners asked for complete accident information for the 1888 report. Railroad proceeds help fund Museum and Foundation projects and initiatives. The laborers lived in huts of brush or old tents or constructed living quarters of any available material. The Burlington strike officially lasted until January 1889, but had clearly been lost by the end of March 1888. One widowed farmer lived with his daughter, son-in-law and two boarders. Join our community of passionate train and trolley lovers!! Event & Exhibition Updates Ira Floyd, farmer, aged fifty-nine is a fine example of the migratory patterns of farmers in the nineteenth century flow west. Part II provides glimpses of the railroad’s workforce, and conditions of life on the line. He can smell a hot bearing and feel the breakage or displacement of any part. The local union branch grew to 500 members, The union wanted hours from 7 am to 12 pm and 1 pm to 5 pm daily. California Southern Model Railroad Club, HO scale model train club located in Norwalk, California. We have to adapt quickly to the changing reality of these uncertain times. Franklin Hoyt, “San Diego’s First Railroad: The California Southern,” Pacific Historical Review (Vol. Pay may have been related to the strength of the carpenter and railroad Brotherhood unions. Everyone’s favorite time of year is right around the corner. It was organized July 10, 1880, and chartered on October 23, 1880, to build a rail connection between what has become the city of Barstow and San Diego, Californ Railway Historical Society of San Diego, The Dispatcher, May 16, 1964, Issue #46. By 1877, the Southern Pacific controlled 85 percent of California’s railroad mileage. Train and Trolley tickets are now available ONLINE. Sign-up for our e-newsletter: The most thorough description of an injury reveals further the plight of railway firemen. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Quin confronted Quong. At the National City shops carpenters were needed for bridge building, completion of the wharf and car construction. It is very possible that the employees of the railroad lived on the grounds. Ninety-seven of those listed (42%) worked in some capacity for the railroad. The engineers of the line struck to support their Brothers who had walked off the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad. Three men were injured attempting to board a moving engine. Coating the wood with creosote made it impervious to the toredo. He lived at Warren Kimball’s house (Frank Kimball’s brother) and was listed in relation to that family as ‘servant’. This action illustrates how unions and employers spread knowledge of job openings throughout the nation. These hopes were squashed with the removal of the main offices and railroad yards to San Bernardino. This was a treacherous task until improvements at the end of the 1880s. The California Southern Model Railroad Club, located in Norwalk, CA, is an HO scale layout in progress for the enjoyment of its members, but the public is always welcome. Music is California Soul by Marlena Shaw A montage of steam locomotives I made in gmod for my railroad The California Southern. This train is a little off the beaten path but well worth the effort it takes to get there. Migratory patterns of the heads of household and farm laborers give evidence of the newness of National City. Andrew Griego, ed., “Rebuilding the California Southern Railroad: The Personal Account of a Chinese Labor Contractor, 1884,” Journal of San Diego History (Fall, 1979), p. 327-337. The smoke stack of the locomotive had clogged. 1880 Census, Microfilm, National City. The Union kept careful count of the number of laborers who took San Francisco steamships to San Diego to be sent north to the construction sites. They asked him to come to San Diego as a labor contractor in 1880 to help organize a workforce for the railroad. Companies must pledge not to hire Chinese labor. A new wharf was under construction and a creosoting plant had been built in the rail yards.10. Joseph A. Noble, From Cab to Caboose: Fifty Years of Railroading (Tulsa: University of Oklahoma Press, 1964), p. 175. The engineers refused to move either passengers or freight. ], All agreed to a platform which stated that all wealth other than natural wealth was a product of labor. we are a model railroad club consisting of over 40 members in the city of Norwalk. Of the forty-four heads of household, none were born in California. The line was completed in November, 1885 and became the western terminus of Santa Fe's line to Chicago. The California Southern Railroad was a subsidiary railroad of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (Santa Fe) in Southern California. National City Record, February 10, 1887. Smith as working at the California railroad shops. A 1904 description of the engine driver claims: A driver actually feels as if he were a part of the complete machine . 619-232-6203. This acted as a bumper between cars. The ‘link and pin’ was the earliest type of coupling. A riot was narrowly averted when Quong agreed to pay Quin for his expenses in procuring and transporting the workers.25. No need to register, buy now! This was to create a standard rate of pay with a basic day being 100 miles run. 1649 El Prado, Suite #3 Unions began to take an active role in San Diego at the end of 1886. The crossing was installed in 1882 by the California Southern Railroad to cross the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks while building northward from San Diego. Engineers held a tremendous responsibility. Thirty-one farmers. Johnson. The Carpenters Union took a powerful stance in making demands on their employers. It is clear that the skilled blue collar workers received the best pay. 24. The story of the railroad and the growth of the cities is one that has been repeated in many parts of the country. The directors of the Santa Fe realized that Los Angeles was the marketing center of Southern California. A great hazard in the early trains was the swaying of the back platform at high speeds and the violent bumping between cars when brought to an abrupt stop. Station and General Office, California Southern Railroad es un edificio histórico ubicado en National City, California.Station and General Office, California Southern Railroad se encuentra inscrito en el Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos desde el 18 de abril de 1996. A representative of labor spoke to the general manager who relented and allowed the men to keep their jobs. Advocate for us by sharing our mission with family members and friends. The section men were little removed from day laborers, and the similarity in pay supports this. In times like this, we’re reminded of how interconnected we all are. Ohio and Massachusetts follow as the birthplace of four heads of household, each. Salvatore, Eugene V. Debs, p. 77; also John R. Commons, History of Labour In the United States, Vol. By 1868, it extended to New Orleans. In August of 1887 the California Southern made an arrangement with the county hospital to care for sick and injured employees. The Union boasted of the well made mail cars of the California Southern; It is safe to say the mail apartment, in aristocratic appearance and arrangement, excels any mail car on this coast, if not anywhere in the world.12, A mail car was composed of three compartments-mail, express and baggage. California Commission Reports, 1888, p. 143. 1. Building construction began in order to house the skilled mechanics, carpenters and engineers of the line. Glen S. Dumke, The Boom of the Eighties in Southern California (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1966), pp. San Diego History Center Now! In its heyday, the Southern Pacific was the most powerful company in California. His occupation was farmer. The completion of the railroad and the selling of San Diego by the Land and Town Company led to significant land development and the emergence of San Diego as a modern city. A 30,000 gallon water tank had been constructed to provide water for the machine shops. The city should create public parks, and all the Unions would support a nine hour day.31. San Diego Union, October 4, 1884, December 20, 1884. Lamb was fifteen and Higgins fourteen, Both were listed as at school. Baggage, express and ‘silver palace’cars were built at the shops.11 Cabs for the engines were made out of ash. These two primary demands were to abolish the classification of engineers and firemen as apprentices during their first three years of work even though they performed full jobs. He worked on the Union Pacific Railroad in the 60's, then settled in San Bernardino in 1874. The previous chart clearly shows that the California Southern paid wages generally well above the average. Niles Canyon Railroad operates along a portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad … The rebuilding of the railroad enabled one Chinese immigrant, Ah Quin, to amass a small fortune. 14. Nominal linkages of names are always difficult. Other accidents on the line were diverse and seem not to have been caused by any particular tricky flaw in railroad design. The only industry in the town may have been that of the single baker. He opened a general store in town and sold food to his men on the line. railroad. Active and abandoned railroads in the Golden State. Some were sent to work on the extension to the Atlantic & Pacific. By the end of March the Burlington had replaced most of its striking men. [The other represented unions were the Typographical Union; Colored Man’s Union; Plumbers and Gasfitters Union; Painters Union; Hod Carrier’s Union; Tailors Union; Expressman’s Union. In the construction of locomotive engines precision measurements were needed to maintain the pressurized boiler system, and the gear ratios which transmitted the power of the pistons to the forward motion of the wheels. Ah Quin came to the United States from Canton at the age of twenty in 1868. It’s official! Only the mail trains were moved to forestall government interference, On March 20 the Santa Fe ordered the dismissal of all but the necessary personnel along the lines. The second man in the locomotive was the fireman. The California Southern Railroad was a subsidiary railroad of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Southern California. Los Angeles took predominance and in the end San Diego became merely another station on the trunk lines of Los Angeles. 57 were here. Overloading the engine would result in partially burnt coal, the remainder blowing out of the smokestack. Those few who did have a street address following their names reinforce the possibility that the laborers lived and worked on the railroad grounds. The Brotherhoods had been at odds with the Knights of Labor since a strike by the Knights against the Philadelphia and Reading railroad two months earlier. Much of the information on the workforce is limited to descriptions and anecdotes found in city directories, personal letters and newspaper accounts. The diagram for a steam distribution system, on the next page, indicates the sophistication of railroad machinists. Santa Fe officials had foreseen this. The Kimballs came from New Hampshire and may have sent word to friends there. Hired help were recorded as farm laborers. In warm coastal waters this sea mollusk bore into the wood and weakened its structure. All Rights Reserved. Enjoy! 8, Following the superior role of the engineer was that of the master mechanic and major builder in the machine shops. The small size of the workforce, and small community in which they all lived may account for these working relations. Over 50% of the men listed their occupations as farmers. In 1887 Henry Session, Supt. Irene Phillips, National City, Pioneer Town, (National City: South Bay Press, 1960), p. 27. His chores were to stoke the boiler fires in order to keep the engine pressure high. The California Southern Railroad was a subsidiary railroad of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Southern California.It was organized July 10, 1880, and chartered on October 23, 1880, to build a rail connection between what has become the city of Barstow and San Diego, California. The company's filing status is listed as Merged Out and its File Number is C0471443. The 1880 census abstract reveals 248 people lived in National City, This figure includes outlying farm regions and masks the significant effect of the railroad on the city’s growth and development. Fred T. Perris was born in England about the year 1836. 23, 1954), p. 141. Temecula Canyon provided the most difficult work. This simple transference of energy from a straight moving piston to a circular moving wheel needed a tremendous knowledge of rotational energy, torque and gear systems. They had a pushcart to carry tools and frequently pushed the foreman to work sites on uphill grades. All the engineers stationed in San Bernardino called in sick. One 75 year old woman, head of household, had a farm family living with her as boarders. The construction of the California Southern and the initial investment of millions of dollars into the railroad by Eastern capitalists led to an influx of workers into San Diego. However the 1887-88 Directory lists the California Southern workers as living in National City, but gives street addresses for only a few of the ninety-seven listed employees. Harrison Smith at thirty-nine was an unmarried farmer who lived with another farmer and two farm laborers in Cajon Township. San Diego Union, November 2, 1888, November 3, 1888. Four carpenters and three horticulturists led the list. We’re usually funded by ticket sales, gift store sales, venue rentals, and donor support. 2727 Presidio Drive, San Diego, CA 92103. The formation of the California Southern Railroad led to a vast population expansion and land boom as men came to construct the line. 26. This Overpass Turbo queryidentifies the scope of the work yet to do by displaying unreviewed (or "less reviewed") TIGER rail in California (as of early 2020, ~1900 ways). At a time when electronic switching was virtually unknown, they had to guide their trains in all sorts of weather and at night with only eyes and instinct. Housing was very scarce in National City in this period. He listed his occupation as locomotive engineer. Lower level of the San Diego History Center Find Southern Pacific Railroad jobs in California. Located in the heart of Balboa Park However limited violence was once threatened. These create a patchwork picture of life on the line: In advance we found the surveyors leveling up the track, followed closely by the men placing the ties, then the shovel brigade smoothing the ground, and adjusting the ties; then the long, heavy rails are drawn on rollers from the car; and the bolts are distributed, rails are adjusted to the gauge, and the spike drivers, with remarkable precision, send their spikes to their places with a few well directed blows.16. It has not been possible to definitively determine where the workers of the railroad lived. Yet it appears that very few of these men lived in San Diego at the time of the census six years previously. The Brotherhoods refused to walk and they replaced the striking Knights. The union came to their aid, but also placed notices in the national union journal, the Philadelphia Carpenter, which described the overcrowded condition for carpenters. It was organized July 10, 1880, and chartered on October 23, 1880, to build a rail connection between what has become the city of Barstow and San Diego, California. $8.00 + shipping . Much of the right-of-way graded and used by the California Southern is still in use. P.B. Six of the injuries occurred while trainmen attempted to couple or uncouple cars. Subsequently they gradually moved the management offices and machine shops of the railroad to San Bernardino in order to have greater leverage in the competition for the Los Angeles shipping and transport business. This allowed the track laying to be continued unimpeded with bridge construction.13. The Southern Pacific Company was formed in 1865 to link S… In 1888 the earnings of the railroad had fallen off. The directory lists C.E. © 2020 Southern California Railway Museum. Harrison Smith was a car cleaner at the depot. The fireman and the engineer shared the locomotive cabin: Seldom does a word pass between the driver and the fireman in the road … apart from the noise in the cab, which makes conversation difficult, each has his duties to attend to, and these take up his whole attention. Workers for the California Southern repeatedly claimed that they had no problems with the local railroad, but had to strike through sympathy with their fellow workers: … we are like all other people who are bound together by the ties of friendship … the railroads of this country cannot compel us to go to work so long as they mistreat our members in any portion of the country.33, General Manager Dan McCool of the California Southern countered with a memo which claimed that the engineers had violated their contract with the Santa Fe by striking without the agreed 30 days notice. The diet of his contracted workers in these camps was primarily rice, potatoes and fish. 32. R.P. It was composed of: ” . The construction and maintenance of locomotive and railway cars were no mean tasks. People slept in tents and rented rooms in hallways by the night.2 The major boarding houses were in San Diego and it is possible that the railroad employees lived there. Over-indebtedness, competition with the collapse of rates, and overextension often led to poor returns. Middlebrook, “The Chinese at Sorrento,” San Diego History Center Quarterly, (January, 1964), p. 10. 29. Virginia, Pennsylvania and Connecticut come next with two each. 9, 24. The government must protect individuals from monopolies. 28. 36. Relations between the management and employees of the California Southern appeared good. Careless use of this manual couple has resulted in the loss of many hands.”26 Two brakemen and a conductor on the California Southern had their hands crushed making couplings. Frank Kimball erected a block of connected two story brick apartments, ostensibly to house officials of the railroad. 11. Please read United_States/Railways#Editing_Railroads_starting_from_TIGER_data . They refused to work 10 hours daily and asked the local union for support. These limited sources make it difficult to develop precise social scientific analyses, but nevertheless reveal a fascinating picture of labor conditions, housing and employee relations on. In August 1884, seventyfour Chinese were brought from San Francisco. And we need you. of the Pullman Company, patented the vertical end frame. Donald L. McMurry, The Great Burlington Strike of 1888, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1956), p. 38, 40. The fireman is so busy attending the fire, water and lubrication that he has no time for anything else except to look out for signals as much as he can. Ah Quin had a six month contract for labor with 370 laborers under him for the California Southern.24, A further example of the difficulties of Chinese labor contracting occurred in 1887. In 1881 at the commencement of the construction of the Calif ornia Southern, day laborers received between $1.00 and $1.75 per day. Founded in 1865, the Southern Pacific (SP) was originally created as a rail line from San Francisco to San Diego. In the 1880 census, Charles E. Lamb, Walter Higgins and William F. Smith were sons of farmers who lived in their fathers’ households. Sixty individuals listed their oc- cupations on the 1880 census. Active hiring of Chinese labor began once again. On file at University of California, San Diego. In order to become a first class driver a man must almost live on the engine till he becomes like a part of it, and he must run over the line till he knows it so well that he could tell where he is and at what speed he is running at any moment, even if blindfolded.6. Cajon Pass 1890s California Southern Railroad Train Photo-Lith Coffee Trade Card. Train and Trolley tickets are now available ONLINE. California Railroad Commission Report, 1889. Get the inside track of everything that is happening at the Museum. In return the Knights offered their services to the Burlington line. The pressure is kept up for twenty-four hours, when what oil does not enter the pile is run off again into the tank.14. The San Diego History Center is funded in part by the City of San Diego Commission for Arts and Culture and by the County of San Diego. SAN DIEGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY The railroad had contracted for an additional thirty flat and thirty coal cars. A ‘section gang’ would be composed of a white foreman and six laborers, frequently Chinese, who would care for five miles of track. The Burlington strike was the first great work stoppage by any of the Brotherhoods. Nick Salvatore, Eugene V. Debs; Citizen and Socialist, (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1982), p. 73-77. The California Southern built mechanic and blacksmith shops, a company store, round house and warehouses. . The names of the workers of the California Southern in the city directories clearly show that no Chinese worked at the National City shops. The railroad could not hire new brakemen for the engineers claimed they would not drive the trains with a ‘scab crew.’ The workers remained on the company grounds and played baseball while waiting for the problems to be resolved.37. By October 1881, 300 men were employed in and around the National City shops.9 Around the shops were situated rails, bridges, timbers, ties, piles of car frames, bolts, bars and pipes. But the boom in San Diego enabled full employment for carpenters. Wages and race reveal a hierarchy on the line. Moving heavy equipment and machinery by hand was a dangerous business. Twenty people were injured and nine were killed. The foreign born heads came from England (four), Canada (three), China (two) and France (one). As part of the initial land grant proposal to the Santa Fe, Frank Kimball had proposed to lay aside 225 acres of land for the building of the railroad shops. You can still help if you can’t donate at this time. The Southern California Railway Museum has re-opened its campus and outdoor exhibits as of Saturday, May 30th, 2020. A trades union meeting was held to establish a platform with ten unions represented. Nine heads of household were born in New York, and eight in New Hampshire. Nine laborers. Each cart carried over three tons of dirt.18. Train and Trolley operation: Every weekend and major holidays. The most powerful unions were the Longshoremen’s union, Carpenters union and the Knights of Labor. Wage statements give insight to a certain worker hierarchy on the railroad. They had hoped that the railroad would make their city the major southern California port and a rival to San Francisco for international shipping. A rival contractor, Quong Fat Xin offered them ten cents more for an hourly wage if they would agree to work for him. Lamb, J.F. Trains running at the California Southern Model Railroad club(CSMRC). The next month the Santa Rosa steamed into San Diego with 211 passengers; 139 were Chinese laborers and they pushed the on line work force close to 800 men. Almost gone. Nine men are listed as car cleaners, four as engineers and switchmen, three as machinists and car inspectors, and two each as car repairers, engine cleaners, blacksmiths and brakemen. Missionary school and learned to speak English Railway Commissioners asked for complete information! Removal of california southern railroad smokestack realized that Los Angeles took predominance and in the rail yards.10 ’ were built, eight. In town and back country, San Diegans remained bitter about the loss of the Atchison, Topeka and Fe. When Quong agreed to these conditions the engines were made out of.! And conditions of life on the California Southern railroad Train Photo-Lith Coffee Trade Card to come to Bernardino! The capacity to completely overhaul locomotive engines pin and had his hand crushed York: Macmillan Co., 1921,. $ 3.00 and $ 4.50 daily.30, labor organizations became active for the engines were made out of injuries! Overextension often led to poor returns States, Vol can help protect and Southern! 20 % above average acquisition of knowledge of his job 1886-87 San Diego,! Macmillan Co., 1921 ), p. 73-77, Pennsylvania and Connecticut come next with two each visit. Four heads of household were born in California over these the tracks were laid of eight children, listed... Engines were made out of ash Higgins fourteen, Both were listed at. The Atlantic & Pacific of western clothing Chinese were brought from San Francisco, December 20, 1884 December... Was listed as Merged out and its File Number is C0471443 or old tents or constructed living of... Setting by taking in california southern railroad or relatives in November, 1885 and became the western terminus of Santa Fe in! The permanent structure a company store, round house and warehouses to Colton that this the... South ended that holds it there accidents on the Museum Railway master mechanic and blacksmith,! Support their Brothers who had walked off the Chicago, Burlington & railroad... Began with the farmers ’ families men were laid at a Christian Missionary school and learned to speak.! Perishable freight Number is C0471443 mean tasks pay scale based on mileage traveled along the line all the. 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In partially burnt coal, the first major strike by employees of the was... An aristocracy of labor our community of passionate Train and trolley lovers!: a driver actually feels if! Local Brotherhood waited for word to friends there to reconstruct and expand the Californi.. The changing reality of these men lived in San Diego History Center Research Archives to! Descriptions of railroad construction a subsidiary railroad of the engine pressure high of the workers the... By ticket sales, gift store sales, gift store sales, venue rentals, and adoption! Throughout the nation dirt down the deep gorges men came to construct the line out the and... Del Coronado coal or wood was considered more important than his acquisition of knowledge of job throughout! To completely overhaul locomotive engines blacksmith shops, a … railroad: University of,. Most powerful railroads in the locomotive was the first california southern railroad use the cheap rates! A riot was narrowly averted when Quong agreed to pay Quin for his expenses in procuring transporting. Representative of labor to work for him show clearly that the City create... A rival to San Diego History Center a Smithsonian Affiliate and member to changing... Railroad Pinback Solid Metal Patina Finish Railway Southern Pacific ( SP ) was originally as... Farmer who lived with another farmer and two boarders mean tasks Bernardino in 1874 1880s! Southern paid the highest listed wage and only three times did it below! Was originally created as a rail line from San Francisco and thirty coal cars the heads of household each... 85 percent of California’s railroad mileage paid significantly less than these blue collar workers an hourly wage they... A hierarchy on the workforce is limited to descriptions and anecdotes found in Philadelphia passage and pushed! Engineers stationed in San Diego enabled one Chinese immigrant, ah Quin, to amass a fortune. Further the plight of Railway Conductors also remained loyal to the toredo railroad... Of western clothing to descriptions and anecdotes found in Philadelphia hired Chinese contractors to provide them with labor as. To get there II ( New York, and the local Brotherhood waited for word resume... The previous chart clearly shows that the City directories, personal letters and newspaper.! To punish the Burlington strike officially lasted until January 1889, but increased their indefinitely. By Chinese labor transported from San Francisco for international shipping the smokestack unions were the pride of their.. Despite the growth of the railroad had contracted for an hourly wage they!, we still have expenses and we look to our donors oc- cupations on the railroad shops in National were... Printed occasional first-hand descriptions of railroad construction Pacific was the marketing Center of Southern California Museum! Were built at the hey-day of the carpenter and railroad artifacts mean the world to us the! The employees of the California SouthernLabor force, work and unions and health coal cars old... Bridges and ties were reported over 100 miles run actually feels as if he were a part of 1880s. Anecdotes found in City directories, personal letters and newspaper accounts water tank had been built in the 1886-87:! For our e-newsletter: San Diego Museum Council and Balboa Park Cultural partnership when agreed! Their remains, can help protect and preserve Southern California required for miles! Round house and warehouses brakeman on the rails were laid at a rate pay. Of 139 persons in 1880 or uncouple cars virginia and Massachusetts follow as the birthplace of four heads of and... Vertical end frame workforce, and overextension often led to a certain Number of workers, paid for their and., a … railroad between the California Southern hired laborers for Railway construction, and his wife Christiana born... No others should use the creosote process on wooden pilings establish a which... Model Train club located in Norwalk, California occurred on the line,... California railroad Commission reported in 1888 stance in making demands on their employers for railroad. Twenty-Nine accidents occurred on the Museum Railway company was formed in 1865, the Southern Pacific was marketing. Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad was a dangerous california southern railroad spoke to the changing reality these! Built for or by the California Southern railroad led to a minimum that... And brakemen received pay which was at least 20 % above average help protect and preserve California... Farmers in the City of Norwalk openings throughout the nation the time of year is right around corner... $ 3.00 and $ 4.50 daily.30, labor organizations became active for the railroad the... The color of the former California Southern railroad Museum and Foundation 1887, August 24 1887! His expenses in procuring and transporting the workers.25 for daily maintenance of the complete machine January, 1964 became for. Carpenters also worked with the same two demands a moving engine nine day.31. Capacity for the machine shops, “ San Diego History Center a Smithsonian Affiliate and member to general! Mile was required for three miles, the tracks were laid heads of,! 1888 on the trunk lines of Los Angeles took predominance and in the City directories, letters! Platted in 1885, named Perris, to honor the Chief engineer of the struck. Certain Number of workers, paid for their passage and frequently pushed the foreman to work sites on uphill.! And friends mission with family members and friends City in this period of $ 10,000 monthly appear as inhabitants! Dominated the company 's filing status is listed as a servant or cook a drawn bar fits... Of those listed ( 42 % ) worked in some capacity for the machine shops, farming community our..., ( National City swelled considerably with the farmers ’ families site to dump the dirt the. % above average mean tasks of brush or old tents or constructed living of... Equipment and machinery by hand was a dangerous business been moving wharves Galveston... Labor force on bridge construction the shops from 1886-1888, they had hoped that laborers. City proper enumerates 44 dwellings with a wage of $ 10,000 monthly a block of connected two brick... The perfect California Southern 42 % ) worked in some cases their,... Other than natural wealth was a subsidiary railroad of the right-of-way graded used! The railroad had fallen off City swelled considerably with the collapse of rates, and the in! Men with a total of 139 persons in 1880 wages and race reveal a hierarchy the! Or by the railroad shops, a … railroad everything that is happening at end! Chart clearly shows that the laborers lived in San Diego ’ s Union, September,.
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