In addition, microplastics can provide the medium for the bioaccumulation of potentially toxic pollutants in the food chain. The PIA works with the Office of the President Scientists say that chlorine-based plastics, when incinerated, contribute to the formation of dioxins, a poisonous waste that forms when chlorine is exposed to extreme heat. The Philippines industry group PARMS, which includes Unilever, P&G and Nestle among its members, is building a 25 million pesos (US$475,000) facility that aims to turn sachets into plastic … As discussed earlier, municipal solid wastes Eyeglasses, riot shields, security windows, traffic lights, and lenses are made of polycarbonate (PC). Outdoor furniture, siding, floor tiles, shower curtains, and clamshell packaging come from low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Large plastic items can entangle and kill a wide variety of organisms including marine mammals, sea turtles and fishes. “Plastic, particularly those for single-use packaging, has greatly contributed to the degradation of the environment,” he points out. Exposure to them is linked to cancers, birth defects, impaired immunity, endocrine disruption and other ailments, it said. It was done in order to spread awareness and to prevent spread of this pollution which continues to worsen. Presidential Communications Operations Office. Despite its usefulness, people’s way of disposing plastics became a problem. It is an act of throwing rubbish or waste products and letting it lie around places, making its physical outlook untidy. This is a global problem, but the problem of plastic in the Philippines is one that needs to have a localized global solution. “This is a serious concern with increasing amounts of plastic debris accumulating in the world’s oceans. Australia generated 75.8 million tonnes of solid waste in 2018-19, which was a 10% increase over the last two years (since 2016-17). Another report from the UN Environment stated that there were five countries that have contributed much to pollution such as China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. In Metro Manila, which is home to more than 12 million people, about 8,600 tons of waste per day are generated. Landfills come into mind; buried beneath them are toxic chemicals from plastics which, drain out and seep into groundwater, flowing downstream into lakes and rivers. The event, dubbed 2018 Zero Waste Youth Convergence, was hosted by the Foundation University College of Business Administration. • The remaining 79% (5.5 billion US tons) of plastic waste has accumulated in landfills and the natural environment. The Philippines has seen its plastic waste imports rise 150% from 2016 to about 11,800 tons in 2018. The Ocean Conservancy study found out that 75% of leakage comes from waste that is uncollected by waste management systems, while 25% of leakage happens from within the system itself. •They must implement segregation of waste at source to recover materials that can still be used and help in the recycling activities. Recycling rate of plastic packaging waste in Italy 2013-2018 Recycling rate of plastic packaging waste in CEE region 2010-2017 Volume of plastic waste exported from the UK 2018, by country Polyurethanes (PU) is currently the sixth most commonly used plastic material. The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (RA 9003), which was promulgated in January 2001 in the Philippines, officially declares to minimize solid waste all through its process, starting from generation followed by collection and treatment and ended with final disposal at landfills, without Let’s do the same now.”, Eligio Ildefonso, the EMB’s national solid waste management commission executive director, supports a ban on single-use plastic items throughout the country. Packaging foam, food containers, plastic tableware, disposable cups, plates, cutlery, and compact discs and cassette boxes come from polystyrene (PS). ; A slide-deck summary of global plastics is available here. In this National Solid Waste Man-agement Status Report 2008 – 2018 prepared by the Environmental Management Bureau of the De-partment of Environment and Natural Resources, the 10-year report focuses on the status of imple- Plastic is also used to make toys, sports equipment, food packaging, candy wrappers, plastic straws, bottles for any drinkable liquid substances, etc. The word plastic is derived from the Greek plastikos, which means “capable of being shaped or molded.”  It refers to their malleability or plasticity during manufacture, which allows them to be cast, pressed, or extruded into a variety of shapes – such as films, fibers, plates, tubes, bottles, boxes, and much more. •Cities and municipalities in the Philippines must seriously implement the national law on solid waste management (RA 9003). It doesn't return to the planet the way other materials do.”, Environment Secretary Roy Cimatu agrees. Plastic Problems, Pollution in the Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Single-use Plastic Bans to Prevent Pollution, Prevent Plastic Waste with RefillMyBottle App. However, the US Department of Health and Human Services says that the levels released from food containers are very low. “(These) can harm juvenile fish which can ultimately harm fish stock,” Serafin said. “Over 80% of ocean plastics comes from the land – it is discarded and not well managed, and thus leaks into the ocean,” the Ocean Conservancy reported. Projected income from recyclables, per study site 26 Table 9. Filipinos, particularly businessmen, seemed to heed the advice that was given to Oscar-nominated Dustin Hoffman in the 1967 thought-provoking movie, “The Graduate.”  In the said movie, the tyro actor’s character asked for some advice on career director. Plastics likewise threaten wildlife. Table 1: Waste generation by economic activities and households, 2018 (% share of total waste)Source: Eurostat (env_wasgen) The share of different economic activities and of households in total waste generation in 2018 is presented in 2. Plastic is a material made to last forever, yet 33% of all plastic - water bottles, bags and straws - are used just once and thrown away. Only 5% is made up of residuals (4%) and special/hazardous waste (1%) that are no longer usable or biodegradable (JICA National Waste Report 2018 Final Page vi Figure 24 Trends in the disposal of core waste (plus ash where shown) by stream in ... ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics ACOR Australian Council of Recycling ACT Australian Capital Territory ALGA Australian Local Government Association These days, plastics are part of Filipinos’ daily life, according to Juvinia P. Serafin, senior environmental management specialist of the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), a line agency of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). High impact polystyrene (HIPS) is made for refrigerator liners, food packaging, and vending cups. The culprits? “Globally, we carry home between 500 billion and a trillion every year – about 150 bags for every person on earth, or, to put it another way, a million every minute and rising.”. Other single-use plastics include straws, coffee stirrers, soda and water bottles and most food packaging materials. In the world’s oceans alone, plastic debris outweighs zooplankton by a ratio of 36-to-1, study showed. What is alarming is that most of the plastics end up in the oceans. Take a step forward to reduce single use plastics, Styrofoam, microplastics... Environmentalists caution against burning those plastics to get rid of them completely. Plastics,” he was told. An audit in the Philippines has shown the country uses a "shocking" amount of single-use plastic, including nearly 60 billion sachets a year, a new report said Friday. The Philippine government has legislated a number of environmental laws that would minimize solid wastes like the Republic Act 6969 or the Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act of 1990. Sign up for the monthly news, bulletins, and events. The household is the major source of waste in the Philippines at 74%. This alarms environmental groups in the Philippines as plastic bags are used only once. The waste problem, and particularly the plastic pollution problem, is made more complex in a developing country like the Philippines. This is our main data entry on plastics, with a particular focus on its pollution of the environment. The United Nations Environmental Program says between 22% and 43% of the plastic used worldwide is disposed of in landfills, where its resources are wasted, the material takes up valuable space, and it blights communities. through PCOO, national government agencies, and other public sector entities in communicating their programs, projects, and services to the Filipino These countries have already dealt with plastic bag issues. According to Andrew Wynne’s report from the Ocean Conservancy, the Philippines became a major vector for waste products, including plastics that are flowing into the global ocean. “Since they were introduced in the 1970s, plastic bags have infiltrated our lives,” wrote Caroline Williams in New Scientist. Some manufacturers have recently introduced biodegradable or compostable plastic bags, made from starches, polymers or polylactic acid, and no polyethylene. But the most popular of them all is plastic bags. The World Wildlife Fund for Nature claimed that nearly 200 different marine species die due to ingestion and choking from plastic bags. For fibers and textiles, polyester (PES) is used while carbonated drinks bottles, peanut butter jars, plastic film, and microwaveable packaging, the material used is polyethylene terephthalate (PET). modernized lifestyle. These are 48 million plastic bags that don’t degrade, that don’t disappear, that don’t break up into little pieces. By following the advice, plastic is now one of the country’s top pollutants of canals, rivers, and other waterways. Right now, we are using an estimated 48 million shopping bags or even more in the Philippines. Time to stem the tide of plastic pollution, writes Henrylito D. Tacio, describing what plastics are, how much we use them, their harmful effects and environmental impacts, plus positive industry actions taken to reverse plastic-related problems and pollution.. DAVAO, 27 June 2018.Filipinos, particularly businessmen, seemed to heed the advice that was given to Oscar-nominated Dustin … “, Chelsea Rochman, writing for Scientific Reports, said that fish, exposed to a mixture of polyethylene with chemical pollutants absorbed from the marine environment, “bioaccumulate these chemical pollutants and suffer liver toxicity and pathology.”. Plastic waste is sorted at a new recycling plant in Metro Manila. The agency has a regional office in all 15 regions and has an information center in 79 provinces across the Philippines. Plastic are used to create useful materials for human consumption. Another concern: microplastics, which are generally less than 5 millimeters in diameter. “Let us go back to basics,” Cimatu urged. They are reminding everyone to act and be aware of this environmental issue. In 2016, over 8.4 million tonnes of plastic waste were collected in order to be recycled inside and outside the EU RECYCLING MULTIPLIER EFFECT x2.4 in GDP and almost x3 in jobs The European plastic industry has a multiplier effect of 2.4 in GDP and almost 3 in jobs* * The European House Ambrosetti study, data for Italy, 2013 13 “Businesses and consumers could increase their participation in collection in order to move plastic waste toward a recovery supply chain, and companies could switch to greater use of recycled plastics,” Worldwatch suggests. “Plastics help to reduce food waste by keeping products fresh longer, allow for the manufacture of life-saving healthcare equipment, reduce packaging mass compared with other materials, improve transportation efficiency, and have large potential for use in renewable energy technologies,” Worldwatch said in a press statement. “Governments must regulate the plastic supply chain to encourage and monitor recycling.”. Another reason: plastics spoil groundwater. Bottle caps, drinking straws, yogurt containers, appliances, car fenders (bumpers), and plastic pressure pipe systems are made of polypropylene (PP). Various plastics are used in the manufacture of each consumer item. DAVAO, 27 June 2018. people. Unfortunately, most of these buoyant materials end up in the open seas. There are many countries that strongly prohibits or bans littering, such as Kenya, Bangladesh, Morocco, Tasmania, South Australia, England, Germany, Hawaii, New York, Argentina, Brazil, Wales, Seattle, South Africa, Uganda, and many more. “ We are drowning in our own waste. •They must encourage composting in … Due to the plastic’s light weight, smooth surface, and flexibility, it can be turned into any shape. Sunshine breaks plastic down into smaller pieces, but it doesn’t go away.”. Recently, a whale in Thailand was found on the beach dead after swallowing 80 plastic bags (about 8 kilogrammes). “Dioxins are considered highly toxic and are implicated in weakening the immune system, affecting fetal development and causing a skin disorder called chloracne,” wrote Chynthia P. Shea, a former staff member of the Worldwatch Institute. For another, plastics affect human health. During the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia, the organizers were able to collect 76% of the food waste generated at the sports venues and the athletes’ village by using biodegradable food utensils and plastic bags that composted as easily as the food and eliminated the need to separate the garbage. “Turtles, whales, and other marine mammals have died after eating plastic sheeting.”. In the midst of the 21st century, plastic pollution became a noticeable issue. Chapter 3: State This chapter provides a brief overview of the state of waste in South Africa, including the main types and quantities of waste generated, and the level of Ingested plastic products (cigarette lighters, plastic bags, etc.) “Plastic particles can absorb industrial and agricultural pollutants causing damage to fish organs,” said Serafin. can harm seabirds, marine turtles and fishes. “Single-use plastic is what its name says, for single-use,” he said. “But plastic litter, gyres of plastics in the oceans, and toxic additives in plastic products – including colorants, flame retardants, and plasticizers – are raising awareness of and strengthening consumer demand for more sustainable materials. When manufacturing plumbing pipes and guttering, shower curtains, window frames, and flooring, polyvinyl chloride (PCV) is used while it is polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) for food packaging. Using a formulated data gathering template for online-only search, waste management information in the City of Antipolo is compiled and summarized. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is used for detergent bottles, milk jugs, and molded plastic cases. Wildlife become entangled in plastic, they eat it or mistake it for food and feed it to their young, and it is found littered in even extremely remote areas of the Earth. “We recycle only 5% of the plastic we produce. And now, some good news. The Philippines was ranked the 3rd top source of plastic leaking into oceans in a February 2015 study. Products sold in single-use sachets include instant coffee, shampoo, cooking oil, food seasoning and toothpaste. Much has been written about the Philippines’ plastic pollution problem. This was when a single speck of translucent non-heavy material was seen, floating around the waters, by the fishermen. “Plastic pollution continues to poison our oceans and injure marine life. We have also produced an FAQs on Plastics page which attempts to answer additional common questions on the topic. Biodegradable wastes come mostly from food waste and yard waste while recyclable wastes include plastic packaging wastes, metals, glass, textile, leather and rubber. This makes it possible for most product factories to create something useful out of it. It is an attached unit of the Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO). It is used in cars such as cushioning foams, thermal insulation foams, surface coatings, and in printing rollers. REGIONS, PROVINCES, AND CITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES Concluded Region, Province, and Highly Urbanized City (Aug 1, 2 0 15) Negros Island Region (NIR) i 2 19 38 1,2 19 4 ,4 14 ,13 1 Negros Occidental 12 19 601 2,497,261 waste generation continues to increase as it contributes 22.2%, 24.5% and 26.7% to the country’s solid waste in the years 2010, 2014 and 2020, respectively. Time to stem the tide of plastic pollution, writes Henrylito D. Tacio, describing what plastics are, how much we use them, their harmful effects and environmental impacts, plus positive industry actions taken to reverse plastic-related problems and pollution. Number of pieces of plastic residual waste, according to whether the plastic waste was branded or not 28 According to the Earth Day Network’s statistics in 2018, Philippines is ranked as the third largest contributor of plastic waste to global waters, after Indonesia and China. “We used to bring a glass bottle to the sari-sari store when we buy cooking oil and vinegar. “The toxic chemicals that leach out of plastics can accumulate on other plastics,” a report stated. If you’re wondering what those electronic equipment cases (e.g., computer monitors, printers, keyboards) and drainage pipe are made of, it’s acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). Just some thoughts about Styrofoam. Littering is one of the most common illegal acts that can be done by a human being. “Globally, we discard 500 billion plastic bags,” it reports. This was found out by a study conducted by the Arizona State University Biodesign Institute. It has no further use so it should be discouraged.”. Corruption, lack of political will – and an addiction to single-use plastic sachets. Solid Waste Impacts on Health and the Environment Improper solid waste management practices can have a … Instead of plastic bags, Ildefonso encourages the use of eco-bags when buying wet and dry goods. “Trace amounts of styrene as well as various chemical additives in polystyrene migrate into food – particularly when liquids are hot,” explains Dr. Olga Naidenko, a senior scientist at the Environmental Working Group. “Only 20% is thrown directly or purposefully into the ocean from ships, drilling rigs, etc.”. The adverse impacts and their causes are shown in Figure 3-4. NSWMC, disposed waste is dominated by biodegradable waste with 52 percent, followed by recyclable waste which accounts for 28 percent and residuals at 18 percent. “Plastics, my boy. The country’s so-called “sachet economy” has also contributed to the proliferation of plastics. The most common are the plastic bags. There are some countries, however, that are yet to deal with the plastic pollution issue, such as Thailand, Vietnam, Egypt, and China. In a report released a few years ago, the Ocean Conservancy singled out the Philippines as one of five countries from where majority of plastics originates. Cleaning up beaches, riversides of our plastic ways. The Philippine Information Agency is the official public information arm of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines. Plastics come in the form of credit cards, food containers and packages, utensils, sachet packs, kitchen wares, toys, and furniture. The participants signed a petition addressed to Dumaguete City Mayor Felipe Remollo urging him to implement a six-year-old city ordinance that bans plastic bags and styrofoam. “Discarded plastic bands encircle mammals, fish, and birds and tighten as their bodies grow,” reminded the Washington, D.C.-based World Resources Institute. According to the Earth Day Network’s statistics in 2018, Philippines is ranked as the third largest contributor of plastic waste to … tons) of plastic waste. The Digest of waste and resource statistics is a compendium of statistics on a range of waste and resource areas, based on data published mainly … There are many types of plastic such as the PET (Polythylene Terephthalate), LPDE (Low-density Polythylene), PP (Polypropylene), PS (Polystyrene), and EPS (Expanded Polystyrene). Mandate Generate, extend and commercialize appropriate and problem-oriented agriculture and fishery postharvest and mechanization technologies. Unknowingly, plastics attract other pollutants. The country generates 2.7 million metric tons of plastic … Any individual can help save the environment. When you drink your steaming cup of coffee or spoon your chicken noodle soup out of a Styrofoam cup, you also take in small doses of chemicals that leach from it. By PIA-DCU Along with reducing unnecessary plastic consumption, Worldwatch says that finding more environmentally friendly packaging alternatives, and improving product and packaging design to use less plastic, many challenges associated with plastics could be addressed by improving management of the material across its life cycle. “It cannot be recycled and reused; people have no motivation to recover it. All content is in the public domain unless otherwise stated. Also on the list were China, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Thailand. February 22-23, 2018 Novotel Ambassador Hotel Busan, Korea STATUS OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE AND UTILIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES. Over half of all waste was sent for recycling (38.5 million tonnes), while 27% was sent to landfill for disposal (20.5 million tonnes). • 12% has been incinerated. When not properly disposed, they clog waterways and cause flooding.”, According to the Washington, D.C.-based Worldwatch Institute, 50% of the plastic the world produces is used once and discarded. “Disposed plastic materials can remain in the environment for up to 2,000 years and longer,” said Barry E. DiGregorio. The bright side of this movement is that it managed to get attention from the people, but the UN knew they needed to do more than that. • 9% of that waste has been recycled. (Asia Mari T. Nuera/PIA-DCU), #BeatPlasticPollution #EndPlasticPollution SDGs #PIAbansPlastic. Once they’re used, they are just thrown away. But why so much ado about plastics? “As rapidly developing economies, these countries are now passing through a typical stage of economic growth as consumer demand for disposable products grows more rapidly than the waste management infrastructure,” the report said. The United Nations Environment Programme or UNEP decided to rally their support on the #BeatPlasticPollution movement during World Environment Day 2018 on the 5th of June. and 26.7% to the country’s solid waste in the years 2010, 2014 and 2020, respectively. It is made from the plastic polystyrene, which is based on building blocks called styrene monomers. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on World Environment Day 2018 rallied support for their #BeatPlasticPollution movement with an information campaign, starting with a status report on plastic waste management.. Data from the 2015 study "Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean" shows that the Philippines wastes 6,237,653 kg (6875.84 tons) of plastic per day, of which … Two broad classes of plastic-related chemicals are of critical concern for human health: bisphenol-A and additives used in the synthesis of plastics, which are known as phthalates. The country generates about 2.7 million metric tons of plastic waste and half a million metric tons of plastic-waste leakage each year, data from the Ocean Conservancy stated. Philippines’ plastic pollution epidemic The United Nations called this problem ’one of the great environmental challenges of all time’. Estimated number of sachets, plastic sando shopping bags, 25 plastic labo bags, and disposable diapers used per person per year, and for the entire Philippines per day Table 8. Moreover, of the total solid waste generated from households, 95% can still be reused or recycled (43%), or turned into compost (52%). Studies have found that toxic chemicals leach out of plastic and are found in the blood and tissue of nearly all of human beings. In a news dispatch, British Prime Minister Theresa May dubbed the single-use plastic items as one of “the greatest environmental challenges facing the world.”  Barry E. DiGregorio wrote in an article that “disposed plastic materials can remain in the environment for up to 2,000 years and longer.”, Associated Press quoted Sherri Mason, chair of the geology and environmental sciences department at the State University of New York at Fredonia, as saying: “We have to confront this material and our use of it, because so much of it is single use disposable plastic and this is a material that doesn’t go away. WWF: 200 marine species die from ingesting plastic bags and choking from them. All rights reserved. The Philippines is now dealing with an ocean pollution crisis. Half a million tonnes of plastic waste from the Philippines ends up in oceans every year. Published on November 7, 2018. particular the trade in recovered plastic, paper, scrap metal and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). 3.2 Solid waste impacts on health and the environment Improper solid waste management practices can have a number of environmental and health impacts. “Eco-bags can be reused; you can wash them; they do not contribute to solid waste,” he pinpointed. Tropical cyclone events in the Philippines 2018, by category Volume of rainfall in the Philippines 2017, by monitoring station Reservoir water level in the Philippines 2020, by dam Copyright © 2009 - 2020, Gaia Discovery. MANILA, Philippines – An audit in the Philippines has shown the country uses a "shocking" amount of single-use plastic, including nearly 60 billion sachets a year, a new report said Friday, March 8. There are some countries, however, that are yet to deal with the plastic pollution issue, such as Thailand, Vietnam, Egypt, and China. Meanwhile, Worldwatch contend that the environmental and social benefits of plastics must be weighed against the problems that the durability and high volume of this material present to the waste stream. ; The first synthetic plastic — Bakelite — was produced in 1907, marking the beginning of the global plastics industry. Solid waste management remains a challenge for the Philippines. Possible solutions to single use plastic problem, There are several ways of skinning a cat and so there are some solutions to the problem at hand. Fibers, toothbrush bristles, tubing, fishing line, and low strength machine parts (like under-the-hood car engine parts or gun frames) are made from polyamides (PA) or popularly known as nylons. For one, they never go away. Operations Office ( PCOO ) the monthly news, bulletins, and clamshell packaging come from low-density (! Claimed that nearly 200 different marine species die due to ingestion and choking plastic. 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