From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Description of Mexican poppy - Argemone Argemone species such as Mexican poppies have a continuous display of yellow, white or red poppy like flowers, which are very fragrant, from late summer to early autumn.. Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana. Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. The Seri of Sonora, Mexico use the entire plant both fresh and dried. The seeds look very similar to culinary poppy seeds that most are familiar with, but they are about twice the size. Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas in waste places, roadsides, old fields, pastures, barnyards, gardens. 6BOURGEOIS P, 1986 Rapport concernant Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae). Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. Taxonomic notes. Argemone mexicana, Mexican pricklypoppy, Seeds per gram: 830 Cultivation / direction of sowing: sow seed directly where it is to grow. Germination is sporadic and seeds requires light. Argemone mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. Alle vegetatieve delen zijn bezet met stekels en bevatten geel melksap, dat voor dieren giftig is. Argemone is from the Greek argena, meaning 'cataract of the eye', and was the name used in the first century AD by the classical authors Dioscorides (AD 40-90) and Pliny (AD 23-79) for some spiny poppies, the juice of which was supposedly a cure for cataract; mexicana combines Mexico with the Latin suffix ana, belonging to, suggesting the country of origin (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). Argemone mexicana. It is grown as an ornamental valued for its ornate spines that cover the stem and attractive white-veined, blue-green leaves. Argemone Mexicana is a small plant. leiocarpa Prain Argemone mexicana var. Neuropharmacological study of Argemone mexicana Linn. Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana.[3]. Botanical Description Argemone mexicanais an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Description. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Ecology Habitat. As a result, mustard can be adulterated by argemone seeds, rendering it poisonous. Description. The last major outbreak in India occurred in 1998. De stekelpapaver (Argemone mexicana) is een plant uit de papaverfamilie (Papaveraceae). It exudes a yellow juice when cut. across (6 cm), with numerous yellow or reddish stamens. Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. Argemone mexicana. Argemone mexicana L lyophilized extract was administered to the albino mice 30 minutes before carrageenan injection and the basement value was taken at 0 hour. It grows in a tropical climate. The roots are cleaned, soaked, ground and consumed to eliminate any worms in the intestines. The seed pods secrete a pale yellow latex when cut open. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by It is found in peninsular Florida. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. [6], When the Spanish arrived in Sonora they added this plant to their pharmacopia and called it cardosanto, which should not be mistranslated to blessed thistle (Cnicus benedictus). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The database and code is licensed under a Varieties: none. They are best grown in the mid section of borders as they have a very spiky foliage. mexicana Argemone mexicana var. It has leafy stems that grow up to 60cm, with prickly lobed leaves. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The seed leaves are … [4] In India, Argemone oil is mixed with sunflower oil and sesame oil to increase the quantity, but this adulteration causes health disorders and renowned brands display "no argemone oil" to qualify purity.[5]. Sneha Anarthe and Sanjay Chaudhari ABSTRACT In the present study methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of Argemone mexicana whole plant (Papaveraceae) were tested orally in swiss albino mice at doses of 100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg b.w. The whole plant can be … Retail; Nursery Name City State / … It has bright yellow latex. Scientific Name: Argemone L. (Papaveraceae) mexicana L. Related Plants 'Alba' 'Sanguinea' 'White Luster' 'Yellow Lustre' Nursery Availability 1 - 1 of 1. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Materia Medica Anthelmintic, Ophthalmic: Use Juice Purgative, Sedative: Use seeds Malarial Fever, Dropsy, Jaundice, Gonorrhea, Leprosy, Scabies: Use Juice. The seeds are taken as a laxative. Description. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: … It is also referred to as "kateli ka phool” in India. Argemone mexicana . Ajna Fern 5: t. 380 (1827) [J.T. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. [7], An Argemone mexicana tea is used by traditional healers in Mali to treat malaria. parviflora Kuntze Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. 1% adulteration of mustard oil by argemone oil has been shown to cause clinical disease. Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. Leaves are thistle-like and alternate, without leaf stalks (petioles), toothed (serrate) and the margins are spiny. Argemone mexicana (Mexican Prickly Poppy) is an upright, prickly, annual or biennial boasting bright yellow, poppy-like flowers, 2.5 in. Argemone Mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. [12], In Tamilnadu, India, this plant is named bramha thandu. [13], Biodiesel production from A. mexicana seed oil using crystalline manganese carbonate has been demonstrated. Argemone mexicana, Stekelpapaver, Zaden per gram: 830 Teelt / zaaidoeleinden: zaaien bij 20°C, kieming vanaf ongeveer 14 tot 30 dagen. Ownbey : Common names: Mexican poppy (English) Prickly poppy (English) Frequency: Status: Introduced: Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. ochroleuca Argemone subfusiformis G.B. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy,[1] Mexican prickly poppy, flowering thistle,[2] cardo or cardosanto) is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world. The stem is oblongin cross-section. Description of Values. with help from Description. This argemone resin contains berberine and protopine. Stems are bluish-green, pithy, smooth or slightly pubescent (covered with short hairs). 505460 Argemone mexicana (Engels: Mexican Prickly Poppy) vergroot afbeeldingen : Fantastische papaverachtige met 2,5-5 cm grote crèmewitte tot gele bloemen en zilvergrijsgroen blad met witte nerven en flinke stekels: het geheel is een pracht! [11] Another study found that use of Argemone mexicana may be a suitable first-aid treatment in rural areas when access to other better antimalarials is delayed. Ken Fern, If you would like to support this site, please consider, Drawing of the flowering plant, seedpod and seed, Descourtilz, M.E., Flore médicale des Antilles, vol. The grey-white veins stand out against the bluish-green upper leaf surface. Blooming for weeks in mid spring to early summer, the showy blooms sit atop smooth or slightly prickly stems. Traditionally, the flowers are soaked in water overnight and cleaning the eyes with this water helps improve eyesight. The whole plant is used to make a tea and as much tea as possible is drunk until symptoms disappear. web interface by Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Phytochemestry22(1):319-320. Several groups were treated as below: *group I (Negative control): carrageenan (0,1 mL of 1% carrageenan/mouse to the sub plantar region) and saline water 5 mL/kg bw) The stems grow 30 to 100cm high, with scattered stiff yellow prickles. They are useful in the treatment of coughs and catarrhal affections of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma. It grows up to One M. Best used for Leprosy, Skin Diseases. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. ochroleuca Britton Argemone mexicana var. Helpful in identification. Ulcers, Hepatic, Skin diseases: Use Oil. Curr Sci40:548. Argemone mexicana is a plant that not only produces a large number of seeds (just like Papaver somniferum), but is easy to sprout as well. An extremely hardy pioneer plant, it is tolerant of drought and poor soil, often being the only cover on new road cuttings or verges. Katkar oil poisoning causes epidemic dropsy, with symptoms including extreme swelling, particularly of the legs. In the traditional medicine of India, the yellow sap of A. mexicana and the whole plant are also used in jaundice therapy. ex Steud. This is also used for treating scorpion and snake bites. Species. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. for CNS related activities. usage: the herb and flowers are smoked by natives to produce a mild sedating effect. This has many medicinal benefits. In the Coastal Plain, A. mexicana can be found in loamy soils of mesic woodlands and in disturbed areas, such as sandy roadsides and citrus groves. The seeds resemble the seeds of Brassica nigra (mustard). Helpful to NEET, BSc students of Indian Universities as well as foreign Universities. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. Epidemic dropsy, a disease due to Argemone mexicana poisoning, is characterized by pathological accumulation of diluted lymph in body tissues and cavities. The present work offers a review addressing the detailed chemistry and pharmacology of Argemone mexicana L. regarded as one of the most significant plant species in traditional system of medicine. Stem : Erect, branched, woody at the base, solid, cylindrical, spinous, contains yellow latex. When the plant is dried and powdered and used as tea or when mixed with honey and consumed, it helps with cough, asthma and improves overall respiratory health. Several significant instances of katkar poisoning have been reported in India, Fiji, South Africa and other countries. The flowers are showy and have a dark red 3 to 6 lobed stigma (glandular region at the tip of the style). 4SANTRA D, SADJI A, 1971 Phytochemical study of Argemone mexicana. Lichtkiemer, dus zaden niet bedekken. In India, during the colorful festival Holika Dahan, adults and children worship by offering flowers, and this species is in its maximum flowering phase during March when the Holi festival is celebrated. Argemone mexicana : Source: Papaveraceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Argemone mexicana : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Mexican pricklypoppy. It has showy yellow flowers. Argemone mexicana. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: #white #yellow #poisonous #cream #white flowers #yellow flowers #weedy #cream flowers #pastures #fields #old fields It is perennial. [citation needed], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "A "reverse pharmacology" approach for developing an anti-malarial phytomedicine", "Argemone mexicana decoction for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria", "Argemone mexicana decoction versus artesunate-amodiaquine for the management of malaria in Mali: Policy and public-health implications", "Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Argemone_mexicana&oldid=982587573, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:17. Synonym: none. ... Argemone mexicana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Argemone mexicana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Argemone mexicana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Argemone mexicana The dry powder is used to brush teeth to prevent any gum problems. Descourtilz], http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Description of Values. [8] This use has been studied clinically for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. It grows from 60 to 120cm in height. Flowers are at the tips of the branches (are terminal) and solitary, yellow and of 2.5-5 cm … 1 Search Results. 5HUSSAIN SF, NAKKADY S, KHAN L, SHAMMA M, 1983 Oxyhydrastinine, an isoquinolone alkaloid from the Papaveraceae. A glaucous (blue-green) erect single to several stemmed annual with yellow sap, reproducing only by seed and with a central taproot. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb with bright yellow sap. About Argemone mexicana Plant : Habit : Annual, prickly herb with yellow latex and branched tap root. It is native to peninsular Florida. lutea Kuntze Argemone mexicana var. Though they do not appear to possess any antispasmodic property, they have a distinct effect on asthma, apparently from their combined actions as nauseant, emetic, expectorant and demulcent. The juice of these leaves helps in treating various skin conditions. Richard Morris. Argemone mexicana var. Argemone species are erect, prickly or glabrous, annual, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow lactiferous fluid. [9][10] In one study, 73% of patients treated had an adequate clinical response, but very few patients had complete parasite clearance. An infusion is made to relieve kidney pain, to help expel a torn placenta, and in general to help cleanse the body post-natally. Recently, the largest epidemic of the disease in India affected Delhi and its neighboring states during the … Rapport tramil. Value Class Food Send by email Printer-friendly version. Argemone ochroleuca Preferred Common Name; pale Mexican pricklypoppy Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; A. ochroleuca is an annual herb native to Central America. A description of Argemone mexicana is provided in The Flora of North America.. Distribution. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. Flower description the flower has a superior ovary, and lacks a hypanthium Flower petal color yellow Flower reproductive parts the flower has both pollen- and seed-producing parts gebruik: Sierplant, medische plant van de Azteken Duizendkorrelgewicht: 1,2g It is poisonous to grazing animals, and it is rarely eaten, but it has been used medicinally by many peoples, including those in its native area, as well as the Natives of the western US, parts of Mexico and many parts of India. 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On 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 Plants traditional medicine of India, this plant is named bramha.., NAKKADY S, KHAN L, SHAMMA m, with numerous yellow reddish!, Fiji, South Africa and other herbaria mid section of borders as they have a dark red 3 6... The roots are cleaned, soaked, ground and consumed to eliminate any worms in mid!, pinnatifid with prickly teeth description of Argemone mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the throat and mucous! Cleaning the eyes with this water helps improve eyesight mustard ), please leave a comment is perhaps the well-known... Mustard oil by Argemone seeds, rendering it poisonous is een rechtopstaande, vertakte. Access to a database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License,... Affections of the legs found at the tip of the Argemone genus, the species which!