There are multiple advantages to adapting an existing instrument for a study, including cost savings, time savings, and the relatively fewer steps required for effective instrument adaptation compared to developing a new instrument [ 1 ]. For example, it reduces the costs ... [5]. (Hanvey, 2004.) We report on the cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric assessment of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of Seelig’s Resident Questionnaire. The approach uses qualitative methods to optimize semantic, technical, content, and conceptual equivalence of a culturally adapted tool with the original tool. In the 1970s, social psychologist Geert Hofstede created a cross-cultural framework. Some stages in the adjustment process have been identified and are described below. For example, the General Health Questionnaire has been translated into at least 36 languages [lo] and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory into at least 21 languages [I 11. Cross-cultural competence refers to your ability to understand people from different cultures and engage with them effectively. Religion: The dynamics of cultural adaptations Lesley Newson and Peter Richerson To be published in: Cognitive Approaches to the Evolution of Religion (editors: F. Watts & L. Turner) Oxford University Press. I n 1 Thessalonians 2:8, Paul expresses his desire for relationship with those to whom he is ministering. And not just people from the one culture that you’ve studied for years. METHODS:The cross-cultural adaptation process was conducted according to the Guillemin guidelines. Cultural adaptation is a relatively new concept used to define the specific capacity of human beings and human societies to overcome changes of their natural and … Although it may be difficult to interpret certain statements and behaviors, there must be a significant emphasis placed on … There was no appropriate instruments available in Norwegian, thus an Australian-English instrument was cross-culturally adapted. Cross-cultural communication is the process of recognizing both differences and similarities among cultural groups in order to effectively engage within a given context. and now has considerable potential for application in areas of social policy. It is important to understand the way people comprehend, communicate and make decisions across different types of cross-cultural backgrounds. In other words, cross-cultural communication refers to the ways in which people from different cultural backgrounds adjust to improve communication with one another. In some cases, this is more obvious than in others. Over time, through continuous activities of new cultural learning, most people are able to attain increasing levels of functional and psychological efficacy vis-a-vis the host environment. Background Despite the general agreement regarding the central role of the clinical learning environment in graduate medical education, its assessment remains challenging owing to the lack of available standardized measures. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to translate, cross-culturally adapt, and assess the reliability and validity of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) in pregnant Nepalese women. For example, Web marketers can further enhance the cultural adaptation of their international Web sites by being sensitive to spatial orientation or how the Web content is structured in the Web space. Depending on the stimulus, receptors may increase or decrease their ability to respond, and will develop an enhanced or diminished sensitivity to the stimulus. Organisms are adapted to their environments in a variety of ways, such as in their structure, physiology, and genetics. Social psychologist Geert Hofstede (Hofstede, 1982, 2001, 2005) is one of the most well known researchers in cross-cultural communication and management. Cross-cultural adaptation is an approach taken to utilize existing instruments in other cultural, language or geographic settings. CONTENT HYPERLINKS ... • Cultural Adaptation ... some examples where cultural dimensions can be ob- Adaptation, in biology, the process by which a species becomes fitted to its environment; it is the result of natural selection’s acting upon heritable variation over several generations. Methods: A questionnaire was needed for the implementation of a study in Norway 2007. This article It’s best known today as Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions.. It’s a set of dimensions that describe the key values of a culture and how those values are related to people’s behaviour within the culture. How cross-cultural psychology arrived at this conclusion has involved a substantial amount of research over the past decades. The goal of science is to achieve a level of understanding which not only explains current Historically, this occurred through migration, trade and other interactions between cultures such as warfare. Jiexiu Chen, Junwen Zhu, Jiexiu Chen, Junwen Zhu, The Evolution of Theoretical Approaches in Cross-Cultural Adaptation Research, Cross-Cultural Adaptation Experiences of International Scholars in Shanghai, 10.1007/978-981-15-4546-7, (11-33), (2020). Specifically, the translation process should ensure conceptual equivalence in each target The model proposes four levels of cross-cultural awareness. To translate and adapt the PEM-CY into German, we applied inter-national standards and established guidelines [28] which By recognizing cross cultural differences or similarities among countries, advertisers can understand which aspects are shared worldwide and diversify the elements that need to be adapted to local cultures [6] . cross-cultural adaptation of a research instrument using the adaptation process of an attitudinal instrument as an example. On the first level a person is aware of superficial and very obvious cultural traits. addressing the methodology of cross-cultural adaptation. Sensory adaptation is a phenomenon that occurs when the sensory receptors become exposed to stimuli for a prolonged period. Cross cultural or intercultural communication is a part of the interaction of different people from different backgrounds and heritages. Table 1 shows a suggested sequence of the cross-cultural adaptation process. Cultural Transition and Adaptation Adjusting to a new culture and environment is a normal process and can generate a wide variety of reactions and feelings. The Processes The Basics of Cross-Cultural Adaptation theory The stress-adaptation-growth dynamic When we experience stress from being in an unfamiliar cultural environment we gain the ability to communicate in accordance with the norms and practices of the host culture and A cross cultural analysis is fundamental to devise a successful integrated advertising strategy that reflects the cultural values and behaviours of its targeted audience. A structural model of cross-cultural adaptation (on the basis of Kim, 2001, p. 87). A systematic approach for transcultural translation and adaptation was developed in Nepal and has been widely used as part of cross-cultural mental health studies [45,46,47]. Having cross-cultural competence means you can be effective in … MODULES 5 & 6 CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION. A legacy of colonialism was the great differential between developed and underdeveloped parts of the world. IC = interpersonal communication; MC = mass communication. Cultural barriers are challenges to cross-cultural communication within an organization. The cross-cultural adaptation of a health status self-administered questionnaire for use in a new country, culture, and/or language necessitates 12 Examples of Cultural Diffusion posted by John Spacey, September 26, 2016 updated on July 19, 2020. Second, Jesus teaches us through the life of Paul. A suggested cross-cultural adaption process. lation) and cultural adaptation issues in the process of preparing a questionnaire for use in another setting. Descriptive statistics for degree centralities. Cultural change and adaptation. When people from different cultures who might speak different languages, have different cultural beliefs or use different gestures and symbols to communicate, their cultural differences might become barriers to workplace success. The first outline of her theory was found in an article titled, "Toward an Interactive Theory of Communication - Acculturation", leading to a complete rendition of the theory in Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation: An Integrative Theory, which was further refined and updated with Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation. Cross-cultural adaptation (from English to other language) The aim of translation is to achieve different language versions of the original PU-QOL questionnaire (UK English version) that are clear and expressed in common language. As we engage in cross-cultural ministry our posture must mimic that of Christ, in taking on the very nature of a servant, to come as one who serves. The adaptation process typically begins with the psychological and physiological experiences of dislocation and duress commonly known as symptoms of culture shock. This guidance summarises the three main, evidence-based approaches that can be used for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the SPICT TM into different languages and for diverse healthcare systems internationally.. Download (PDF, opens in new window): Translating & Adapting SPICT April 2018 A multi-disciplinary team approach and clear process recording are essential. Ethnographic fieldwork had been undertaken mainly in colonial situations characterized by contact between conquering and conquered cultures.This experience produced a theory of cultural cross-fertilization (acculturation) and culture change. Many authors have theorized and researched the notion of cross-cultural adaptation, which entails moving from one culture to another culture, usually (but not always) learning the rules, norms, customs, and language of the new culture.We should differentiate between different types of cross-cultural travel. Programs that are "connected" to Cross-Cultural Adaptation theory meet one or more of the following criteria: Program explicitly helps individuals develop understanding of stress/adaptation/growth model in order to approach their "intercultural evolution" with a higher degree of self-awareness. There have been a number of studies in the field of intercultural communication with a number of experts studying ways different people from different backgrounds interact with each other and how they conduct their day to day activities. Cultural diffusion is the process by which cultures influence each other to change. The answer provided by cross-cultural psychology is very clearly supportive of the last of these three alternatives. Spatial orientation has a direct effect on Website usability, because it effects visual perception. Cross-cultural adaptation “encompasses a process which looks at both language (translation) and cultural adapta-tion issues in the process of preparing a questionnaire for use in another setting” (page 3) [27]. 3. Cross-cultural adaptations should be considered for several different scenarios. 5 Cross-Cultural Marketing Examples We Love. Theories of Cross-Cultural Communication Hofstede. Guillemin et al11 suggest five different examples of when attention should be paid to A model of cross-cultural awareness emphasises intercultural contact as a leading factor in intercultural understanding and adaptation. , cross-cultural communication is the process of preparing a questionnaire was needed for the implementation of a research instrument the... 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